Some factors influencing high cholesterol levels are under an individual’s control, others are not. Factors a person can control include:
- Diet: Cholesterol is found in foods that come from animal sources, such as egg yolks, meat and cheese, along with saturated fats and trans fats. Limiting foods with cholesterol, saturated fat, and trans fats can help you control your cholesterol level.
- Physical activity and weight: Being overweight tends to raise cholesterol, especially LDLs. Physical activity tends to lower LDLs, and increase HDLs.
Factors you can’t control include:
- Genetics: high blood cholesterol runs in families.
- Age and gender: Starting at puberty, males have lower HDLs than females. With aging, LDLs increase in both genders. Before age 55, females have lower LDLs than males.